Ear Barotrauma and Pressure in Head – The Causes and Treatment

Ear Barotrauma and Pressure in Head – The Causes and Treatment

July 18, 2018 0 By Akash Deep

Ear barotrauma is a kind of ear damage. It caused when the change in air pressure is occured between inside the ear and outside the ear(around you).It can cause pain and at the end it may be the reason of hearing loss.It also hurt the eardrum which may result in the form of bleeding in the eardrum.Ear barotrauma may also called as Ear fullness,stuffy ear.The ear barotrauma is quite common in the human’s and particularly it happen when the change in altitude like Jump in height, Paragliding,mountain climbing.The hearing loss cause by ear barotrauma can be reversible means the hearing loss is temporary.

Symptoms of Ear Barotrauma

  Some of the common symptoms which tell us you suffer from ear barotrauma or stuffy ear are followings.

  • Dizziness
  • Feeling like Stuffy ear
  • Difficulty in hearing
  • Ear discomfort
  • Discomfort in the ear
  • Ear congestion
  • Ringing in the ear

If you’re not gently take the treatment for ear barotrauma it may lead the higher risk and following are the symptoms which shown you suffer from the higher risk of ear barotrauma but not to worry it may fade away after treatment.

  • Pain in the ear
  • Hearing impairment
  • Injury in the eardrum
  • Noseblood can

Causes of Ear Pressure

When the blockage is happen in the eustachian tube it can cause the ear barotrauma from the pressure. It is the most common cause of ear barotrauma and following are the reason which can cause ear barotrauma or being reason for increase in ear pressure.

  • Eustachian Tube
  • Scuba diving
  • Air travel
  • Hiking
  • Sinus Congestion
  • Having a cold and other infection
  • Anatomical abnormalities
  • Certain hormonal changes
  • Explosive Blast
  • Allergies
  • Diving through mountains
  • Driving on high speed without used any precautions

Other causes of Ear pressure

Ear congestion

Drain out the mucus or stuffy fluid from the ear is the function of the Eustachian tube. In some cases due to infection the fluid is build up in the ear and Eustachian tube will not able to remove or drain out the fluid. When the fluid is buildup in the ear it creates the pressure in eardrum surroundings.

Eustachian Tube Dysfunction

The Eustachian tube help to connect our our throat with middle ear. When you yawn, sneeze or swallow your eustachian tube is open and keeps air pressure that building inside the ear. But sometime it will get tapped this is called the Eustachian tube Dysfunction.

Risk Factors

Anything that may help to change in the external environment pressure carries a risk of ear barotrauma. Individually the person who suffer from the cold,allergies or other active infection having at high risk of ear barotrauma.

Baby and young children are also at risk to the condition because the size of eustachian tube is smaller in young children as compare to the adult and positioning is also different that’s why it may get blocked easily in the case of children.

Diagnosing ear barotrauma

In most of the cases the ear barotrauma goes away without any treatment but when the symptoms got severe and bleeding is started from the ear or felt bear pain in ear. A medical examine is required when the symptoms got severe. Your physician gives you the insufflation in your ear is any fluid is found around the eardrum the it will get treated with the correct method else they use the other method for correct diagnose.

Ear pressure

Ear barotrauma treatment

In some the case patient get relief without taking any kind of medication.There are some self care tips by which you can give immediate relief of your ear from pressure.

  • Chewing gum
  • Yawning
  • Breathing exercise
  • Pinch your nose
  • Close your mouth
  • Taking decongestants

But in some cases doctor prescribed you some antibiotic or steroids for help from infection.

Complications of ear barotrauma

Following symptoms that may not resolve with time behaves like complications in ear barotrauma.

  • Dizziness
  • Hearing loss
  • Ringing in ear
  • Acute ear infections
  • Unbalance feeling
  • Recurring pain
  • Ruptured eardrum
  • Hearing impairment
  • Bleeding from the ear


You will take the few step that will help you to prevent from the ear barotrauma. You may avoid the scuba diving if you suffer from any kind of cold, allergy or fever.

  • Take allergy medication
  • Try to exhale from nose when the altitude is change
  • Avoid wearing earplugs when you diving or flying
  • Slow down the speed if you driving on high speed
  • Swallowing frequently
  • Chewing gum

Key Points

It is a kind of ear damage caused by pressure changes in the middle ear surroundings and the outer side of the ear. Following are some key points that you have to know why it happens and what are the most common factor due to it carries.

  • Problem with Eustachian tube
  • Scuba diving is the most common cause
  • It can cause ear pain, hearing loss and other symptoms
  • Not in all cases but these symptoms are temporary and it goes way with time.
  • Ear barotrauma is prevental.

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